Pics source: msnbc.com
The April 20 explosion of the BP offshore drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico is considered to be the worst oil spill because the rig is tapped into an underwater oil well which means that until it is plugged the leak is indefinite and the damage indeterminable. Several species of wildlife are threatened including many on the endangered list. Poisoning, hypothermia, malnutrition, ulcers, kidney and liver damage, pneumonia, neurological disorders and cancer are some of the short term effects and the long term effects can be severe and unpredictable affecting the entire food chain. Apart from the immediate economic effects on human population in the affected areas the affect on human health has not been adequately researched at this stage. Looking at this it is obvious that there is an urgent, critical need globally to find efficient alternative energy solutions and reduce dependence on oil because for one if we continue to be dependent on oil there will be such accidents. India urgently needs to improve its public transportation system one of the largest fossil fuel dependent sector and move towards checking the growth of private vehicles. Although development of alternative energy solutions come with high costs and higher costs for India a developing country in the growing phase, individual lifestyle changes can be made right now with sustained effort by researching and opting to reduce this dependence with cleaner transport choices and by reducing use of plastic products among others.